education sector stands at a crossroads and has both opportunities and
challenges ahead. However, when it comes to education,
Nepal has faced many challenges to the attainment of basic education for all in
the past years. However, it would be unjust to say that the country has made no
significant strides in improving its education system.
In this blog, we will
explore the current issues pertaining to the education system in Nepal and also
learn about the way ahead for the education sector in Nepal.
to Universal Education: One of the most significant
challenges to the attainment of the education development in the Nepalese
context is ensuring that all children, especially in hard to reach areas of the
country, regardless of their socio-economic background or geographical
location, have access to quality education. In remote areas, access to schools and
colleges still remains limited at best, which have led to migration and also
the alienation from opportunities, which ultimately affects the life options of
of Education: The access to education is an essential
component of education development, but besides this, the quality of education
also matters a lot. Many schools in Nepal lack qualified human resources, adequate
infrastructures and other resources. This ultimately results in substandard educational
standards. Insufficient infrastructure, such as classrooms, libraries,
playgrounds, equipment and low sanitation facilities, hugely hinders the
learning environment. Inadequate infrastructure can discourage students from
attending educational institutions on a regular basis.
How does the changing scenario look like?
of IT: Information Technology (IT) has been a game-changer
in education. IT facilities the e-learning, digital classrooms, and online
resources. Add to that, different apps and platforms related to education
powered by IT and Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionized the overall
learning outcomes. The use of technology in education has gained popularity
even in rural parts of the country, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Activism: Different community-based education initiatives
have been helping to improve the quality and access to education, especially in
the remote areas of Nepal. Schools and colleges are often supported by local
communities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in this effort and has to
an extent balanced out the burden of public expenditure on education. Other efforts
have been made to enhance the quality of education by providing training and
professional development opportunities to teachers and human resources which is
crucial to maintain the quality of education in Nepal because indeed,
well-trained human resources are crucial for delivering quality education.
What is the way ahead?
in Education: There is a pressing demand for
increased investment both from public and private spheres to improve the educational
infrastructures, such as classrooms, libraries, equipment and laboratories
which are highly critical to create a motivating environment for teaching and
Assurance: The newly tabulated Education Act is expected to
set standards for quality assurance in the education delivery system of the
nation. The Ministry of Education has an important role to play in driving this
Act in practice. However a lot of this still needs to be underway for its full
implementation and materialization. Whatever may be the case, ensuring that educators
are well-trained, motivated, and adequately compensated, coupled with quality
infrastructure is crucial for maintaining and improving the quality of
education. This is going to be a crucial determinant of the quality of
educational attainment in learners. The equivalence certificates from foreign
degrees needs to be scrutinized and brought under a quality parameter which
will further ensure the credibility of the education system of Nepal in the
international arena as well.
Stride: Embracing the technology for education should be a
priority in Nepal. This might include expanding students’ access to digital
resources, especially in rural areas, by bridging the present digital divide
which will finally help to boost the learning outcomes universally across the
country. The demand for online degrees in Nepal is also in an increasing trend.
Students look for online colleges in Nepal that can help them focus in their
work-life and career progression.
Focused Education: Brain drain and foreign migration for
higher education and employment is undoubtedly one of the most alarming issues
that need to address by the Nepalese governments and societies. In this
scenario, the institutionalization of vocational and skill-based education
programs is highly crucial to create employment opportunities within the
country and a netter preparation for students to compete in national and
international job markets. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
needs to direct its special focus to delivering such vocational and skill based
education to a greater section of the society in the long-run.
Integration and Access to Education: Finally, adequate policy
responses and practical integration of gender inclusion is crucial for
sustainable education system in Nepal and needs t be address swiftly. These can
be achieved through well planned and targeted interventions, including
awareness campaigns and policy responses that promote girls' and disability education